MULTIPLE MYELOMA KNOWLEDGE CENTER

Multiple Myeloma Anemia Treatment

Anemia is a condition characterized by a low number of red blood cells in the body. Anemia is commonly associated multiple myeloma, affecting over 60% of patients when they are first diagnosed.

Treatment: Supplements

Anemia treatment is commonly required for multiple myeloma patients. In addition to myeloma and myeloma medications, iron, folate, and vitamin B-12 deficiencies can cause anemia. The first step in treatment of anemia is to identify and treat any causes of anemia other than myeloma or myeloma medications. Your doctor will prescribe iron or vitamin supplements if needed.

Treatment: Medications and Transfusions

If your anemia is moderate or severe, your doctor may prescribe medications to stimulate the bone marrow to produce more red blood cells (Procrit, Epogen Aranesp). Use of these medications with certain myeloma therapies, such as IMiDs (Revlimid, Pomalyst, or Thalomid), may not be appropriate due to an increased risk of blood clots. Some patients with severe anemia may require blood transfusions.