Multiple Myeloma Tests
Multiple myeloma tests are medical procedures conducted to diagnose multiple myeloma.
Diagnostic testing for multiple myeloma is important, because many myeloma patients don’t have any multiple myeloma symptoms until their disease has reached more advanced stages. With that in mind, there are three primary forms of myeloma testing that doctors can conduct to identify myeloma cells in patients: blood tests, urine tests, or bone marrow tests.
Various blood tests are conducted to help diagnose multiple myeloma. These myeloma blood tests include (but are not limited to): Beta 2 Microglobulin, Complete Blood Count, Electrophoresis, or Free Light Chain Assay. Each blood test analyzes different chemicals in the blood, looking for abnormalities or indicators of the myeloma disease.
Urine tests, also known as urinalyses, are commonly conducted to help identify signs of multiple myeloma. Urine tests conducted to diagnose myeloma include (but are not limited to): Bence-Jones Protein Test or Urine Protein Electrophoresis. Both tests measure the abnormal immunoglobulins, or M protein found in urine. Abnormal levels of certain proteins may indicate multiple myeloma.
Bone Marrow Tests
Bone marrow tests for myeloma involve the removal of tiny bone fragments or soft tissue from the bone – this soft tissue is called bone marrow. Common bone marrow tests conducted to diagnose myeloma include: Bone Marrow Biopsy, Cytogenic Analysis, or Flow Cytometry.