Autologous Stem Cell Transplant
An autologous stem cell transplant is when stem cells collected from the patient are transplanted to replenish stem cells. The cells are stored until they are needed for the transplant. Then, myeloma patients will receive treatment such as high-dose chemotherapy, sometimes with radiation, to kill the cancerous multiple myeloma cells. Following the chemotherapy or radiation therapy, the stored stem cells are infused back into the patient’s blood.
Autologous transplants are the most common type of transplants for myeloma, as there are fewer complications than transplants that require a donor. The procedure may in inpatient or outpatient, depending on the center and/or patient preference.