MULTIPLE MYELOMA KNOWLEDGE CENTER

Bone Marrow Biopsy

A bone marrow biopsy is conducted to check the cells of the bone marrow in order to diagnose multiple myeloma.

A doctor will look at the bone marrow tissue under a microscope to see the appearance, size, and shape of the cells, and to determine if there are myeloma cells in the bone marrow. In the bone marrow biopsy procedure, a doctor or nurse will numb the back of the pelvic with local anesthetic. The bone marrow biopsy is typically performed at the top ridge of the rear hipbone or occasionally from the chest bone. When the solid bone is sampled, this is called a bone biopsy. Bone marrow aspiration, on the other hand, is the procedure used to collect the liquid part of the marrow.

The bone biopsy can be sent for other tests such as chromosome analyses, including karyotype and fluorescent in situ hybridization (also known as FISH). A Bone marrow biopsy is a very common test for diagnosing multiple myeloma. It is also one of many tests that can be done to test your bone marrow for problems, such as a decreased amount of red blood cells indicative of cancers such as multiple myeloma.