What Are Stem Cell Transplants?
Stem Cell Transplants With Multiple Myeloma
Stem cell transplants are performed as support for high-dose chemotherapy. Stem cell transplantation is a multiple myeloma treatment option for many patients;however, being a viable candidate depends on the stage of myeloma in addition to several other factors. Studies have shown that this treatment improves both the response rate and survival rate in myeloma over that obtained with other treatments.
The Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) estimates that approximately 4,700 stem cell transplants of various types were performed in patients with myeloma in North America in 2003 (CIBMTR, 2005).*
The International Myeloma Working Group released a Consensus Statement, recommending the use of allogeneic reduced-intensity conditioning (allo-RIC) only in the context of clinical trials.